Historic Structures of
Indianapolis, in the
central part of the state, is the capital of Indiana and seat of Marion
Co. In 1821 the community was named Indianapolis, and the U.S. engineer
Alexander Ralston who assisted the French architect Pierre L'Enfant in
planning Washington, D.C., was commissioned to lay out the community.
Incorporated as a city 1847, and the largest city
in Indiana, Indianapolis is a commercial manufacturing, transportation,
and cultural center situated in the productive Corn Belt agricultural
Points of interest include the home of President
Benjamin Harrison; the home of the Hoosier Poet James Whitcomb Riley;
the State Capitol (completed 1888); Union Station; the Soldiers and
Sailors Monument (1902), in Monument Circle, the heart of the city;
Woodruff Place and Lockerbie Square historic districts; Indiana World
War Memorial Plaza, including the American Legion national headquarters
building; and the Gothic-style Scottish Rite Cathedral.
In the 1960s and '70s major programs of urban
redevelopment were undertaken by the city. Indianapolis does not have
the most progressive attitude toward historic preservation in the
state, but a growing awareness of the city's architectural assets has
resulted in a thriving preservationist community.