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Historic Structures of
Small Commercial Structures
Evansville (pop 126,272) is the
seat of Vanderburgh Co. in southwest Indiana. Incorporated in 1847, it
is an important transportation hub and a regional cultural and
Settled in 1812, the community grew as a river
port, especially after the completion in 1853 of the Wabash and Erie
Canal linking the Ohio River at Evansville with Lake Erie. It is named
for Robert M. Evans (1783-1842), who mapped the area.
The city is the seat of the University of
Evansville (1854), the University of Southern Indiana (1965), and the
Evansville Museum of Arts and Science.
Cadwick Apartments, 1917
118 S.E. 1st St.
Building at left: Italianate
Building at right: Richardsonian Romanesque
(The ground floor of the building at left has
been altered. However, the building retains its original windows.)
Two-Part Vertical Block, a style which became
common for commercial buildings in the late 19th century. The facade is
divided into two main "zones" that, though separated, are nevertheless
closely related to one another.
Greyhound Bus Terminal
102 N.W. 3rd St.
Art Deco, 1937
Art Deco was a style of design popular in the
1920s and '30s with its sleek, streamlined forms and elegantly
geometric aesthetic. Art Deco grew out of a conscious effort to
simplify the elaborate turn-of-the-century Art Nouveau style, to make
it more responsive to the new machine-age ideals of speed and glamour.
Says Funk and Wagnall's New Encyclopedia:
"Although the movement began about 1910, the term Art Deco was not
applied to it until 1925, when it was coined for the title of the
seminal Paris design exhibition, Exposition Internationale des Arts D
coratifs et Industriels Modernes.
"It found expression in objects as diverse as
locomotives, skyscrapers, roadside diners, radio cabinets, jukeboxes,
and advertising displays.
"Primary examples of Art Deco in the U.S. are the
interior of Radio City Music Hall (1931) in New York City, designed by
Donald Deskey (1894-1989); and William van Alen's (1882-1954) Chrysler
Building (1930, New York City), with its sleek aluminum- banded facades
and arched and pointed spire."